European Philosophies and the Ideas of Ibn-ul-Arabi in 19th-Century Sufi Context of Punjab

یورپی فلسفے اور ابن عربی کے نظریات – انیسویں صدی کے پنجابی صوفی تناظر میں


  • Hussain Ahmad Khan Institute of History, Government College University, Lahore


Chishtiyya Sufis, Ibn-ul-Arabi, positivism, utilitarianism and naturalist


In the Punjab, Ibn Arabi’s wajudi ideas remained a point of reverence among the Chishtiyya Sufi circles throughout the 19th-Century. One of the important reasons of their interest in Ibn Arabi was that he was considered in Sufi traditions as “the seal of the sainthood” and inheritor of prophet Muhammad’s heritage. The path of Ibn Arabi equipped the 19th-Century Chishti Sufis with necessary tools to confront the onslaught of western ideas. At least for the Punjabi Sufis and for their disciples as well, Ibn Arabi provided satisfactory answers to the European ideas like positivism, utilitarianism, and naturalism, in defence of the Sufi tradition.