The phenomenon of place in the poetry contrasts
ﻇﺎﻫﺮﺓ ﺍﻟﻤﻜﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﺷﻌﺮ ﺍﻟﻨﻘﺎﺋﺾ
Keywords:Phenomenon, Poetry, Literary, Place, Contradiction, antithesis, Freedom, Rhyme
The majority of literary genres in prose are related to the pledge of time and place, so the narration is linked to a specific time in which the events take place within the coordinates of a place, it may be confined to a house or an alley, and it may expand to include different cities, villages and countries, the importance of place in the literary genres could be understand from being an active element in the literary template as it directly affects the representations of the characters of the literary work, and adds an aura of its color to the path of their lives, thus the artistic image of the literary work becomes completed. Place / site in the language has several meanings, including what came in Al-Ain: Site is a place for the being of a thin in it, Abu Mansur said (place and position are in the same meaning). The place is the dwelling containing anything. We also know that the concept of the word (place) has been associated with the location in which people and others spend their lives. In the light of this concept, the Arab sources unanimously agreed that the locus and the plural are places, as mentioned previously. Contradictions: the collection of an antithesis of the invalidation in the construction, which is the demolition, and in the rope, meaning its dissolution, and in the covenant in the sense of not concluding it, the contradiction literally means: to speak in a way that contradicts its meaning, that is, contradicts, and contradicts it in something contradictory or disagrees with it. The antithesis in poetry is for a poet to say a poem in which he speaks to another poet, who obeys him and his people, and is proud of himself and his righteousness, then the other poet answers him with a poem, contradicting what the first came with - or more of the meanings and pictures he brought, adding to it from his side more pride and spelling all That is with the intent to spoil the meaning of the first or explain it to his own interest or the interest of his tribe, and the second poet may go beyond the response to the words of the first and contradict it in the same meaning to general spelling and public pride, then the revocation takes place on the basis of the contrast between satire, satire, pride and pride and in any case the poem of the other poet does not acquire the name Contradiction unless he adheres to the subject that the first poet dealt with by weight and rhyme on which he built his poem, and the first is called antithesis in the sense of contradictory, meaning that the first - in the order of saying - is a subject, in the sense of an operative, and the second is an antithesis in the sense of a contradictory one, so it is verbal, in the sense of an actor. The creative attitude between the two poets, in terms of freedom to choose the subject, weight, rhyme, meanings and emotional gathering.
Al-Ain al-Khalil ibn Ahmad al-Farahidi, Al-Haqiqah Mahdi al-Makhzumi wa Ibrahim al-Samra'i, Baghdad, vol. 2, 1986.
Muhammad bin Al-Hasan al-'Azdi al-Basri fi Majlis-e-Fiqh al-Ma'riyyah al-'Uthaymeen al-Qa'ina Bablida Haidar Abad al-Dakkan,Ta'ala 1, Maqan 3: 321/.
Al-Sahaah Taj al-Lagha wa Sahaah Al-Arabiyyah, Isma'il bin Hamad al-Zuhri, Tahaqiq Ahmad Abdul Ghafoor Attar, Dar-ul-Ilm al-Mullayin, Beirut-Lebanon, Mada'ah (2:2205/ wa'l-Nazr: Lasan al-Arab, Al-Imam Abu'l-Fadl Jamal al-Din Muhammad bin Mukarram bin Manzoor al-Afriqi al-Misri, Dar-e-Sadr al-Taba'ah wa'l-Nashr, Dar-e-Beirut, 1374). : 516.
Saas al-Balagha, Al-Allama Jarallah Abu al-Qasim Mahmud bin Umar al-Zamakhshari, Dar Sadr Beirut, 1965, Mada'ah.
Al-Wafi Mu'jam wasit al-Lagha, Al-Shaykh 'Abd Allah al-Bistani, Maktabat-e-Lebanon Sa'ah Riyad al-Saleh Beirut, 1980: Mada'ah, Makan (597)
Al-Qamoos al-Muhit, Mujad al-Din Muhammad b. Ya'qub al-Firuzabadi, al-Mu'sisa' al-'Arabiyyah al-Taba'ah wa'l-Nashr, Beirut- Lebanon, Mada' (4:274/
Al-Shaykh al-Laghawi Muhammad Reza, Al-Mu'jam al-Ma'mat al-Lagha, Al-Arab Al-Muqaddaq, Manifestos, Maktabat al-Hayyat, 1380 AH-1960 AD. Ta'ah (Ma'ida) Makan (5:334/
Al-Mu'jam al-Falsafi d. Jamil Saliba, Dar-ul-Kitab al-Lebani, Beirut, 1982: 2/412
Theory of Philosophy al-Makaan and Ibn Sina, Hasan Majed al-Rabi'i, vol. 1, 1987: 120, 31–40.
Philosophy of Al-Alu) al-Taransandis (Al-Shaykh al-'Arabiyyah, d. 'Abd al-Ghaffar Al-Makawi, al-Qahra. 17: 1975
Al-Mustalah al-Falsafi and al-Arab, d. Abd al-Amir al-'Assim, Maktabat al-Fikr, 1984, 154, and Al-Tafsirat, Ali b. Muhammad b. 'Ali al-Jarjani, Dar al-Kitab al-Arab, Beirut, 2002: 181.
View: Haqiqat-ul-Zaman wa'l-Makaan, Muhammad Farhat Umar, Majlat al-Adib, a.12-1, 1956. 6:
Philosophy of Al-'Aloo( Al-Taransdas: (179)
Al-Rawaiyyah wa'l-Makaan, Yasin al-Nasir,vol.2: 17.
Jamaliyat al-Makaan, Mu'l-Qalam, Majlat al-Aqalam,2, 1986: 76
Min al-Makaan al-Makaan al-Rawa'i, Khalid Husayn Husayn, Majlat al-Ma'rafa, al-Sunnah 39, a.d. 442. 152: 2000
Jamaliyat al-Makaan, Majmoo'ah min al-Bahathin, al-Bayda,t2, Dar-e-Qurtaba: 63.
Andama Yaqun al-Makaan Passover, Antuan al-Muqaddasi, Majlat al-Masr,25-24, 1995: 30.
Andama Yaqun al-Makaan Passover: 31.
Shaykh 'Ali al-Tantawi, Jabir Al-Asfoor, Majlat al-Adab al-Islami, Egypt, Maj . 9.35: 2002, 35–34, A.D.
Al-Fada al-Rawa'i wa'l-Area al-Nisiyyah, Khalid Husayn Husayn, Majlat al-Ma'rifa al-Suriya,a. 449 : 123.
Dalalat al-Makaan fi Madan al-Malh Al-Abd al-Rahman Munif and Muhammad Shu'abqah, Majlat Abahath al-Irmouk, al-Jordan, Maj.9, 40: 1991, 2AD
Min al-Makaan al-Maqaan al-Rawa'i: 154
Dalalat al-Makaan fi Madan al-Malh: 11
Mullah Al-Makaan fi Qasat al-Harb, Al-Qasida fi al-Iraq, Mu'id al-Yuzbki, Manners al-Rafidin, Jamia al-Mosul, 166: 1998, 21AD
Al-Qara'i wa'l-Nis, al-'Alaqa al-Dadala, Seza Qasim, al-Majlis al-'A'la al-Thaqaafah, al-Kuwait: 67, al-Maqaan al-Nisa fatuhba bassam 'Abd al-Hamid Hamudi, Majlat al-Rawad, a.1, 1999: 41.
Al-Makaan fi al-Sha'ar al-'Arab al-Islam, Haydar Al-Majtalik, Risalat-e-Mastir, University of Baghdad, 1407: 16.
Ishaq al-Zaman wa'l-Makaan, Muha'i al-Din Isma'il, Majlat al-Rawad, a. 1, 1998: 12.
Al-Zaman wa'l-Makaan fi al-Zahratiyyah wa'l-Sufism, Salah Salim Ali, al-Majlat al-Thaqafiyyah al-Ardiniyyah, 10: 1988, 15-14AD
Ishaq al-Zaman wa'l-Makaan: 16.
Jamaliyyat al-Makaan, Moderate Uthman, Majlat al-Aqalam, a. 2, 1986 59.
Al-Makaan al-Rawa'i, 'Abd al-Hamid al-Muhaddin, Majalat al-Bahrain al-Thaqafiyyah, a. 30, 2001: 25.
Al-Zaman wa'l-Makaan fi Diwan Mahmud Darwish , Ahad Usher Kokba ( Drasat Naqdiyah, Basam Qutous, Abbath al-Irmok, 1990: 47.
Al-Fada al-Rawa'i wa'l-'Alaqat al-Nisiyyah, Khalid Husayn Husayn, Majlat al-Mu'rifa al-Suriya,a. 449 : 16.
Jamaliyat al-Makaan: 51.
Al-Zaman wa'l-Maqaan min Qasat al-Ahad al-Qadim, Ahmad 'Abd al-Latif Hammad Fassol, Maj. 2, a.14: 65.
Muqaddat-e-Ladrasat al-Makaan fi al-Amal al-Rawa'i, Ahmad Ziyaad Mahbuk, al-Bahrain al-Thaqafiyyah, a.24, 2000. 107
Al-Makaan al-Rawa'i: 30.
: N. m
Al-Makaan al-Rawa'i: 27.
Al-Rawa'iyyah al-Arabiyyah wa Qadaya al-'Ama , al-Makaan wa Ghrafiyya al-Nis , Majlat al-Rawad , a. 1, 2000: 123.
Jamaliyat al-Makaan: 54.
Al-Rawaiyyah wa'l-Makaan, Yaseen al-Nasir, d. 195, vol.2: 19.
Ishaqaliyyah al-Makaan fi al-Nis al-'Adibi , Yasin al-Nasir , Darasat Al-Naqiyyah , Baghdad , 1986: 393.
. 394: N0M
Al-Zaman wa'l-Maqaan wa'l-Asma fi Hayat al-Sha'ar al-Jahili wa'l-Shar'ah, d. Salah 'Abd al-Hafiz, Dar-ul-Ma'arif, al-Qahra: 1
Al-Maqaan fi al-Nis al-'Adibi: 152
Lasan al-Arab, Ma'ida (Naqad, 7:/242-245).
Itjahat al-Shar fi al-'Asr al-'Amawi, Salah al-Din al-Hadi, Baalqahrah, vol.1, 1407 A.H. - 1986, 268.
Al-Asbiyyah al-Qiblaiyyah wa'asrha fi al-Sha'ar al-'Amawi, d. Ihsan al-Niss, Dar al-Fikr: 423.
Sharh Diwan Amrai al-Qais l-Abi Ja'far al-Nahas, 338AH (Umar al-Fajawi, 2002: 83; Anwar Alian Abu Swaylam With. Muhammad Ali al-Shawaba, Dulat al-Imarat al-Mu'tahidah, vol. 1, 2000: 2 556-553/, View: Tarikh al-Naqa'iz, Ahmad al-Shayb, t. 1, Egypt - Al-Qahrah, 1954: 48.
Sharh Diwan Abid bin Al-Abras, Karam al-Bistani Dar Sadr, Dar-e-Beirut al-Taba'ah wa'l-Nashr 1384 AH - 1964 AD. 144 – 141:
Al-Ayatal: Al-Khasr, Al-Haq: Al-Damra, Al-Bin: Al-Ta'ab] Al-Haqqa Abba Talhan ay Qad al-Lahkat al-Khawsar Ba'al-Sa'laab Wahidah aital wa'atal wa'il wa'l-'A'il, Wa'l-Ibn al-'A'iyah.
Tarikh al-Naqa'id: 48–49. 51: N.M.
Tarikh al-Naqa'id: 51.
Ayyam al-Arab wa'l-Sha'ar al-Jahli, Munzir al-Jabouri, Dar al-Hariyah al-Taba'ah, Baghdad, 1394 AH-1974. 108
Tarikh al-Naqa'id: 52.
Al-Mar'ah fi al-Sha'ar al-Jahli, d. Ahmad Muhammad al-Haufi, Egypt-al-Qahrah: 70.
Al-Mar'ah fi al-Sha'ar al-Jahli: 50.
Diwan Amr al-Qays-134:135, View: Sharh Diwan Ubayd Ibn Al-Abras-141:.144
Tajahat al-Sha'ar fi al-Asr al-'Amawi: 275-.276
Al-Toor wa'l-Tahid fi al-Sha'ar al-'Amawi, d. Shoghi Dif, t. 3, Dar-ul-Ma'r-Ma'ari Egypt, 1965, 178.
Mu'awiya fi al-Adab al-'Amawi, Tahilil wa Darasa-e-Chunyat, Umar Farooq al-Taba'a, Dar-ul-Kalam, Beirut - Lebanon: 26.
Al-Toor wa'l-Tahid fi al-Sha'ar al-'Amawi, d. Shoghi Dif, t. 3, Dar-ul-Ma'r-Ma'r-Egypt, 1965 47.
Sharh Diwan Jarir, Taj al-Din Shalaq, Dar-ul-Kitab al-Arab, vol.2, Beirut, 1999: 6.
Mu'awiya fi al-Adab al-'Amawi, Tahilil wa Darasat-e-Selections: 17.
Sharh Divan Jarir: 11, Wa'nazar: Al-Tatoor wa'l-Tazid: 150.
Tarikh al-Adab al-Arab, Hina al-Fakhri: 283.
Devan al-Farzdaq, Karam al-Bistani, Dar Sadr Beirut, 1386/1966: 7.
Devan al-Farzdaq, Karam al-Bistani, 47.
Diwan al-Farzdaq: 1/.13
Tarikh al-Adab al-Arab, Al-Bashir, translated by Ibrahim al-Kilani, Damascus, 1974 3 58-57.
Sharh Diwan Jarir: 9.
Al-Tatoor wa'l-Tajdid fi al-'Asr al-'Amawi: 153.
Ja'ir al-Naqa'idah with poets asrah, Muhammad 'Abd al-'Azeez al-Kafrawi and Dar-e-Nahda'a misr al-Taba'ah wa'l-Nashr, al-Qahrah: 32.
Al-Khatib al-Jarir wa'l-Akhtal 'Abd al-Salam al-Muhtasib, al-Nashr, Dar al-Fikr, 1972 83–84.
Defects: 84 – 85.
History of Adab Al-Arab, d. Bashir d. Ibrahim al-Kilani, Damascus, vol.3, 1974 18:19.
Al-Tatoor wa'l-Tajdid fi al-'Asr al-'Amawi: 135.
. 17: N.M.
Adab al-Siyasa fi al-'Asr al-'Amawi, t. 2, Dar-e-Nahda'id al-Misr al-Taba'ah wa'l-Nashr: 282-260.
Itjahat al-Sha'ar fi al-'Asr al-'Amawi, Salah al-Din al-Hadi, Baalqahrah, vol. 1, 1407 A.H. - 1986, 267:
Al-Khatib al-Jarir wa'l-Akhtal 'Abd al-Salam al-Muhtasib: 83.
Adab al-Siyasa fi al-'Asr al-'Amawi, vol.2, Dar-e-Nahda Misr l-Taba'ah wa'l-Nashr: 264.
Al-Makaan fi al-Sha'ar al-Iraqi al-Hadeeth, Saud Ahmad Yunus, Atrooha Daqaturah, Kaliyat al-Adab, Jamia al-Mosul018: 1996 1417
Al-Zaman wa'l-Maqaan wa'l-Asma fi Hayat al-Sha'ar al-Jahili wa'l-Shar'ah, d. Salah 'Abd al-Hafiz, Dar-ul-Ma'ari, al-Qahra: 1.
Al-Makaan fi al-Sha'ar al-'Arab al-Islam, Haydr Al-Zamiyyah al-Mutalik, Risalat-e-Majstir, University of Baghdad, 1407-1978. 31:
Itjahat al-Sha'ar fi al-'Asr al-'Amawi: 276.
Abu Muhammad 'Abd al-Malik ibn Hisham al-Maafi, Tahaqiq Muhammad Shahatah, Dar al-Manar al-Tabab wa'l-Nashr wa'l-Tuza'i, al-Qahra: 2/112-113.
Diwan Hasan bin Thabit al-Ansari, d. Waleed Arafat, London1971 1:80/Rahm:Al-Sahab al-Muthqaal
Essays fi al-Sha'ar al-Jahli, Yusuf al-Yusuf, Algeria, vol. 2, 1980, 144.
Al-Talaal fi al-Nis al-'Arab, Drasa fi al-Zahra al-Talaiyyah, Sa'd Al-Hasan Al-Kumuni, vol.1, Beirut, Lebanon, 1419 AH-1999: 159.
Articles of al-Sha'ar al-Jahli: 200.
Al-Talaal fi al-Nis al-Arab: 136.
Surah Al-Nabaah, Al-Ayat / 33.
Shaykh al-'Aqeeda fi Asr Sadr al-Islam Al-Hati Sunnah , 230 AH (, Ayhum Hamudi al-Qaisi, Kaliyat al-Etiquette - Jamia Baghdad - Risalat-e-Mastir, 1404 AH - 1984M: 264.