A Comparative and Scholarly Analysis of Four Schools of Islamic Jurisprudence about the Islamic Law of Ela
قانونِ ایلاء سےمتعلق چاروں فقہی مکاتبِ فکرکی آراءکاعلمی و تقابلی جائزہ
Keywords:Ela, Family law, Islami Sharia, Era of Ignorance, Human right
According to the Islamic law, the law of Ela is actually a ban on that ugly ritual of the era of Jahiliyyah, where a man willingly used to take an oath to stay away from his wife for a year, two years or forever. It was as if the woman would no longer be a wife, nor could she live in the society as a way that she would spend the rest of her life in a state of depression. While Islam has protected women's rights on other occasions and abolished the ugly practices of Jahiliyyah, the same law has provided a constitution to the Ummah in the form of Ela, according to which both men and women can enjoy marital rights. Thus, the man has been made bound to maintain the woman's marriage by returning within a specified period after the swearing-in or wait for the period to pass. Therefore, in the case of non - rectum after period of Ela, in view of the matters which the Shariah binds the spouses, Islamic Shariah law is the protector of the mutual rights of the spouses in the light of opinions of the four schools of thoughts.
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